Capsicum contains a compound called capsaicin, which provides fast-acting, temporary relief of minor aches and joint and muscle discomfort by creating a “heaty” effect that numbs pain receptors in skin.
Lidocaine is an amino-amide anesthetic which temporarily numbs the sore or irritated area of skin, providing soothing relief. It is used in many topical cream formulas and dermal patches to help relieve joint and muscle discomfort.
Menthol is another topical analgesic, originally derived from peppermint oil. It provides cooling relief to the body by activating cold receptors on the skin, even when there's been no change in temperature.
Grape seed oil
Grape seed oil is rich in antioxidants such as vitamins A, C, and E and resveratrol, as well as other polyphenols, which fight free radicals-molecules that contribute to the aging process.
Aloe has natural soothing properties and contains an aspirin-like substance called salicylic acid. It also contains antioxidants that help cells heal and regenerate.
Burdock root has antibacterial and antifungal properties, and is used to treat skin irritations such as bruises and scrapes. It helps promote muscle recovery and relieves joint and muscle discomfort by minimizing lactic acid, which slows recovery down.
Leopard's bane (Arnica montana) is a yellow wildflower, related to sunflowers. Popular among athletes, leopard's bane is used to treat bruises and burns as well as sprains and muscle strains. It has been clinically shown to alleviate joint and muscle discomfort, and stiffness.
A popular topical ingredient that is often applied to inflamed, irritated skin. Shea butter is naturally rich in the antioxidant vitamins A and E.
This vitamin possesses natural antioxidant properties that make it extremely beneficial for protecting skin cells. Vitamin E has also been shown to be useful in easing inflammatory reactions, which can help ease joint discomfort.
This substance is similar to the substance that lubricates joints internally. Applied topically, sodium hyaluronate can help restore moisture, and help reduce friction and abrasion on the skin to help ease any skin discomfort.